U.S. Department of the Interior

Graphic banner with ARRI logo and text: Trees for Appalachia's Future.


__________________________ FOREST RECLAMATION ADVISORIES __________________________ FORESTRY RECLAMATION APPROACH __________________________
__________________________ MINED LAND REFORESTATION CONFERENCES __________________________ PLANTING TREES ON LEGACY MINES __________________________ REFORESTATION AWARDS __________________________ REFORESTATION RESEARCH __________________________ STATE AND PRIVATE NURSERIES __________________________ STATEMENT OF MUTUAL INTENT





Brochures - Newsletters - Forest Reclamation Advisories


PDF icon Reforestation for Appalachia's Wildlife
PDF icon Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative - Trees for Appalachia's Future
PDF icon ARRI's First 5 Years [October 1, 2009]
PDF icon ARRI's First 2 Years [December 2005]

ARRI Newsletters

PDF icon Volume V, Issue 9 [September 2015]
PDF icon Volume IV, Issue 8 [January 2015]
PDF icon Volume III, Issue 7 [February 2014]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 6 [August 2012]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 5 [December 2011]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 4 [July 2011]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 3 [July 2010]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 2 [January 2010]
PDF icon Volume II, Issue 1 [June 2009]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 9 [December 2008]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 8 [June 2008]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 7 [January 2008]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 6 [July 2007]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 5 [December 2006]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 4 [August 2006]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 3 [July 2006]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 2 [September 2005]
PDF icon Volume I, Issue 1 [April 2005]

Forest Reclamation Advisories

The Forest Reclamation Advisories are informational documents put together by the ARRI Science Team to clearly explain the Forestry Reclamation Approach and address questions about reclamation practices that can be used to prepare coal mined lands to forestry related landuses.  Each Advisory highlights 1 of the 5 FRA Steps.

The Advisories are written to be easily understood and are for audiences that include the mining industry and agency personnel, landowners, and anyone interested in growing trees on surface mines.

The Advisories are written to be easily understood and are for audiences that include
the mining industry and agency personnel, landowners, and anyone interested
in growing trees on surface mines.

Forest Reclamation Advisories are in PDF format.  PDF icon

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 1 - The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative In this first advisory, the goals of ARRI and the function of these Forest Reclamation Advisories are explained. [December 2005]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 2 - The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA)
The FRA is the science-based technique for reclaiming coal-mined land to forest while complying with the existing State and Federal mining laws. This advisory explains the 5 steps of the FRA.  [December 2]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 3 - Low Compaction Grading to Enhance Reforestation Success on Coal Surface Mines
This advisory describes final-grading techniques that can be used during reclamation to prepare coal-surface mines to support a forested postmining land use.  [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 4 - Loosening Compacted Soils on Mined Sites
Some areas of mine sites become compacted due to machinery operation, traffic, and storage. This advisory describes practices for ripping compacted areas so as to loosen soils necessary to achieve successful reforestation. [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 5 - Mine Reclamation Practices to Enhance Forest Development Through Natural Succession
Succession is a term used to describe natural changes in plant community composition over time. This advisory describes the ways in which reclamation methods can encourage rapid succession and accelerate development of high quality postmining forests. [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 6 - Tree Compatible Groundcovers for Reforestation and Erosion Control
The FRA uses a slow growing, noncompetitive, tree-compatible ground cover.  Advisory No. 6 addresses FRA’s 3rd step and describes methods for establishing ground cover vegetation to control erosion without hindering the survival and growth of the trees planted. [July 2009]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 7 - Planting Hardwood Tree Seedlings on Reclaimed Mine Land in Appalachia
Proper care and planting of tree seedlings is essential to any reforestation effort. Appalachian coal mines reclaimed using the FRA will often be rough, rocky, and on steep terrain. Thus, hand planting is the usual method for planting hardwood tree seedlings. This Advisory describes the fifth step of the FRA: Use proper tree planting techniques. [February 2010]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 8 - Selecting Materials for Mine Soil Construction When Establishing Forests On Appalachian Mine Sites
When native forest re-establishment is the post-mining land use and reclamation goal, the guidelines reviewed in Advisory No. 8 can aid mine operators in ensuring that mine soils, applied at a minimum of 4 feet in thickness, will restore land capability and support forest growth and diversity at pre-mining levels. [July 2011]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 9 - Selecting Tree Species for Reforestation of Appalachian Mined Land [Click here to open PDF File, Click here to open Excel File]
More than 100 native tree species and numerous native shrub species grow within Appalachian forests. This diversity reflects the many site conditions found across the region. [August 2012]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 10 - Reforestation to Enhance Appalachian Mined Lands as Habitat for Terrestrial Wildlife
Although small breaks in the forest canopy are important to wildlife diversity, most native Appalachian wildlife species require primarily forested habitats. This Forest Reclamation Advisory provides guidance on reforestation practices to provide high quality habitat for native forest wildlife on Appalachian coal mines. [November 2013]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 11 - Establishing Native Trees on Legacy Surface Mines
Establishing productive forests on such lands will aid restoration of ecosystem services provided by forests – services such as watershed protection, water quality enhancement, carbon storage and native wildlife habitat -- and will enable mined lands to produce valued products such as commercial timber. [November 2013]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 12 - Re-Establishing American Chestnut on Mined Lands in the Appalachian Coalfields
American chestnut has suffered severe decline throughout the USA; today, few living and mature American chestnut trees remain. This Forest Reclamation Advisory describes efforts to develop new American chestnut varieties, and reclamation and planting techniques for chestnut on mined lands. [June 2015]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 13 - Tree and Shrub Species Selection for Mine Reclamation in the Midwest Region of USA
This advisory provides guidance for selecting tree and shrub species for planting on mine sites that are reclaimed using the FRA in the USA’s Midwestern coalfield (Illinois, Indiana, and western Kentucky). [October 2015]

Return to Top

Page Last Modified/Reviewed: 11/3/15

Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative (ARRI), 3 Parkway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15220
Contact a Core Team Member or a Science Team Member | Web Master:

Accessibility | Disclaimer | FOIA | No Fear | Notices | Privacy | DOI |