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__________________________ FOREST RECLAMATION ADVISORIES __________________________ FORESTRY RECLAMATION APPROACH __________________________
__________________________ MINED LAND REFORESTATION CONFERENCES __________________________ PLANTING TREES ON LEGACY MINES __________________________ REFORESTATION AWARDS __________________________ REFORESTATION RESEARCH __________________________ STATE AND PRIVATE NURSERIES __________________________ STATEMENT OF MUTUAL INTENT





The Forest Reclamation Advisories are informational documents put together by the ARRI Science Team to clearly explain the Forestry Reclamation Approach and address questions about reclamation practices that can be used to prepare coal mined lands to forestry related landuses.  Each Advisory highlights 1 of the 5 FRA Steps.

The Advisories are written to be easily understood and are for audiences that include the mining industry and agency personnel, landowners, and anyone interested in growing trees on surface mines.

The Advisories are written to be easily understood and are for audiences that include
the mining industry and agency personnel, landowners, and anyone interested
in growing trees on surface mines.

Forest Reclamation Advisories are in PDF format.   PDF icon

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 1 - The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative.
The goals of the ARRI and the purpose of the Forest Reclamation Advisories are explained.  [December 2005]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 2 - The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA)
The FRA is the science-based technique for reclaiming coal-mined land to forest while complying with the existing State and Federal mining laws. This advisory explains the 5 steps of the FRA.  [December 2005]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 3 - Low Compaction Grading to Enhance Reforestation Success on Coal Surface Mines
This advisory describes final-grading techniques that can be used during reclamation to prepare coal-surface mines to support a forested postmining land use.  [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 4 - Loosening Compacted Soils on Mined Sites
Some areas of mine sites become compacted due to machinery operation, traffic, and storage. Advisory No. 4 describes practices for ripping compacted areas so as to loosen soils as necessary to achieve successful reforestation. [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 5 - Mine Reclamation Practices to Enhance Forest Development Through Natural Succession
Succession is a term used to describe natural changes in plant community composition over time. In this advisory, the ways in which reclamation methods can encourage rapid succession and accelerate the development of high quality postmining forests are described. [July 2007]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 6 - Tree Compatible Groundcovers for Reforestation and Erosion Control [July 2009]
The FRA uses a slow growing, noncompetitive, tree-compatible ground cover.  Advisory No. 6 addresses FRA’s 3rd step and describes methods for establishing ground cover vegetation to control erosion without hindering the survival and growth of the trees planted.

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 7 - Planting Hardwood Tree Seedlings on Reclaimed Mine Land in Appalachia
Proper care and planting of tree seedlings is essential to any reforestation effort. Appalachian coal mines reclaimed using the FRA will often be rough, rocky, and on steep terrain. Thus, hand planting is the usual method for planting hardwood tree seedlings. This Advisory describes the fifth step of the FRA: Use proper tree planting techniques. [February 2010]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 8 - Selecting Materials for Mine Soil Construction When Establishing Forests On Appalachian Mine Sites
When native forest re-establishment is the post-mining land use and reclamation goal, the guidelines reviewed in Advisory No. 8 can aid mine operators in ensuring that mine soils, applied at a minimum of 4 feet in thickness, will restore land capability and support forest growth and diversity at pre-mining levels. [July 2011]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 9 - Selecting Tree Species for Reforestation of Appalachian Mined Land [Click here to open PDF File, Click here to open Excel File]
More than 100 native tree species and numerous native shrub species grow within Appalachian forests. This diversity reflects the many site conditions found across the region. [August 2012]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 10 - Reforestation to Enhance Appalachian Mined Lands as Habitat for Terrestrial Wildlife
Although small breaks in the forest canopy are important to wildlife diversity, most native Appalachian wildlife species require primarily forested habitats. This Forest Reclamation Advisory provides guidance on reforestation practices to provide high quality habitat for native forest wildlife on Appalachian coal mines. [November 2013]

Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 11 - Establishing Native Trees on Legacy Surface Mines
Establishing productive forests on such lands will aid restoration of ecosystem services provided by forests Ė services such as watershed protection, water quality enhancement, carbon storage and native wildlife habitat -- and will enable mined lands to produce valued products such as commercial timber. [November 2013]

*Please note: The Science Team was formerly known as the Academic Team and may still be referred to as such on older ARRI publications.

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